The Reality of Jadoo / Sihr / Blackmagic
Posted July 1, 2008on:
Say, I seek refuge with the Rabb of the Morning from the evil of created things; and from the night when it spreads, and from those who blow into knots (practice secret arts), and from the evil of a jealous person. (Surah al-Falaq; 113)
Say, I seek refuge with the Sustainer of mankind, the King of people, Rabb of the people, from he evil of the whisperer who withdraws; he who whispers into the hearts of people; from Jin and uman. (Surah An-Naas; 114)
A Jew by the name of Labid did black magic on Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alaihi Wasallam). He took the hair of Rasulullah and made eleven knots into a date and placed in under a rock in the well called Zarwan. The effect of this was that it created uncertainty in the mind of Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alaihi Wasallam) as to whether he had done or not done certain things. At times Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alaihi Wasallam) felt he had accomplished something yet he had not done so and vice versa. Jibraaeel (AS) informed Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alaihi Wasallam) as to what had occurred and brought the above mentioned two Surahs. Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alaihi Wasallam) together with the Sahaaba (Radhiallaahu Anhu) went to the well and removed the knotted hair. As each Aayat was recited, the knots untied miraculously. At the eleventh knot, Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alaihi Wasallam) was relieved. (Tafseer Ibn Katheer vol.4 pg.614; Darul Ma’rifah)
One may wonder, how is it that the Prophet of ALLAH was affected with Jadoo. He had so much of faith in ALLAH, how could Jadoo affect him?
The Reality of Jadoo
Jadoo has a natural effect just as the sun has an effect of heat. The Prophets/Ambiyaa (alaihimus salaam) felt the heat on hot days, they felt hungry when they didn’t eat, similarly they could be affected with Jadoo as well. But this Jadoo did not interrupt their prophet hood status nor was it allowed to interfere with the authenticity of their mission.
THIS WORLD – CAUSE/EFFECT
Almighty ALLAH Ta’ala created this entire universe and he has designed its functions according to the cause and effect procedure. Everything has a cause which subsequently has a natural effect. When the sun shines, it is hot, when snow falls it is cold. Heat and cold are the natural effects of the sun and snow. Similarly, if a person is stabbed with a knife, he will bleed. Bleeding is a natural effect of stabbing. If a person is thrown in the center of the sea, he will naturally drown if he cannot swim.
Our Belief Although this world functions according to the cause/effect procedure but the effect of anything lies in the Will of ALLAH. If ALLAH Wills, the effects of causes will exist but, if ALLAH does not will, then in -spite of the means we adopt, the effects will not exist. Incidents
- Namrood told his people to make a fire to burn Ibraheem (‘alaihis salaam). After the fire was lit, due to the flames being very high, Ibraheem (‘alaihis salaam) was put on a catapult to be thrown into the fire. Although the effect of the fire is to burn, Ibraheem (‘alaihis salaam) did not burn. This was because it was not the Will of ALLAH for the fire to be effective. (Ibid vol.3 pg.192) ALLAH told the fire: “Oh fire, be cool and peaceful upon Ibraheem.” (Qur’an 21 V 69)
- A knife has a natural effect of cutting, the cut could also sometimes be fatal. Ibraheem (‘alaihis salaam) passed the knife on his son Ismaaeel (‘alaihis salaam) but the knife did not show its natural effect because it was not the will of ALLAH Ta’ala for it to cut. (Tafseer ibn Katheer vol.4 pg.18; Darul Ma’rifah)
- Firoun and his army were drowned in the Red Sea but the same Red Sea did not drown Moosa (alaihis salaam) and his army. All these incidents clearly indicate that effects of causes are through the Will of ALLAH Ta’ala. ALLAH Ta’ala is the One who gives effect to the cause.
‘And they followed what Shaitaan had recited on the Kingdom of Sulaimaan (‘alaihis salaam), and Sulaimaan (‘alaihs salaam) did not transgress but the Shaitaans did it by teaching the people Black Magic’ (Qur’an 2 V 102)
Black magic was common at the time of Sulaiman (alaihis salaam). The Shaitaan used to teach the people black magic. ALLAH sent two angels, Haroot and Maaroot, as a test to the people. They taught the people the practice of black magic but warned them that they have been sent as a test from ALLAH, so the people should not abuse this knowledge. ALLAH further says: “They (people practicing black magic) cannot harm anyone but with the Will of ALLAH”. (Qur’an 2 V 102)
Moosa (alaihis salaam) and the people practicing witchcraft at the time of Firoun is mentioned in the Qur’an. Moosa (alaihis salaam) was victorious and ALLAH further says: “A witchdoctor/ person practicing black magic does not succeed wherever he goes” (Qur’an 20 V 69).
Labid Ibn A’sam practiced black magic (witchcraft) on Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alaihi Wasallam) and he was affected for about 6 months, until the Surahs of ‘An-naas’ and ‘Al-falaq’ were revealed. Thereafter Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alaihi Wasallam) was cured. (Ibid vol.4 pg.614)
The above explanation is clear that black magic is a reality and it has its effects but only with the Will of ALLAH, just as poison has its effects with the Will of ALLAH. Why do people resort to black magic, Jadoo, etc.? Generally, people are driven to black magic due to jealousy.
When a person has a flourishing business or popular and holds a distinguishing postion in society, etc. this is not tolerated and accepted by others. People desire that those prosperities be taken away from their brother. This jealousy causes a person to harm his brother. His ultimate purpose is to cool his eyes by witnessing his brother’s downfall. Thus he stoops to the despicable and Haraam act of Jadoo to achieve his ambition.
Jealousy is an internal sickness, like pride and anger. If it is not cured, the consequences of jealousy are very dangerous to oneself and the society in general. The jealous person is actually objecting to ALLAH’s decree: “Why did You give him wealth, why did You give him position?. Why haven’t I been given this wealth and position?” Such a person needs to strengthen his Imaan on Taqdeer. Everything is predestined. When a person is in the womb of his mother, his sustenance, life and position is already written. Everything happens according to the absolute Knowledge of ALLAH (Taqdeer). Such a person must repeatedly remind himself that he is helpless in determining other peoples’ affairs. The affairs of people are controlled by ALLAH Ta’ala. Ponder upon the Hadith of Jealousy. Hadhrath Abu Huraira (RA) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alaihi Wasallam) said; Beware of jealousy, for jealousy eats up good deeds just as fire eats up (burns) wood (Mishkat 46 pg. 248)
Hadhrath Zubair (RA) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alaihi Wasallam) said, ‘The sickness of the previous nations will creep into you, i.e. jealousy and hatred. These sicknesses are shavers; I don’t say they shave hair but they shave Deen”. (Mishkat 2 Pg. 428)
Jealous person is void of the spirit of Deen. His heart is always filled with enmity and malice. He does not perform any Ibaadat. His wish is to harm others. Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alaihi Wasallam) asked, “Do you know who is a pauper?” The Sahaaba (RA) replied, ‘A pauper is he who does not have a Dirham or Dinar (no money) nor has he any wealth’. Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alaihi Wasallam) said, “A pauper in my Ummah is he who comes on the day of Qiyaamat with Salah, Fast, Zakaah But has verbally abused someone, unjustly eaten another person’s wealth, hit someone, etc. (for such a person) his good deeds will be taken and given to the other person. If that person’s good deeds are finished, then his sins will be laden upon him and will be put in the Hell Fire. (Mishkat 2 pg. 435).
A jealous person should ponder upon all these Ahaadith and rid himself of the evil of jealousy. If he does not, then jealousy can make him stoop to low levels, to the level of Jadoo and oppressing his brother. Imagine the grief and anxiety caused through Jadoo. The affected person is oppressed, thus the jealous person is endangering his hereafter. If he only strengthens his Imaan on Taqdeer, he could contain himself.
How to save oneself from Jadoo
If a person is affected by witchcraft, it is Sunnah to cure himself. The method of cure must be carefully chosen. Many people (Muslims and non-Muslims) claim they can cure. But one must choose a person who strictly adheres to the Qur’an and Hadith. One should abstain from going to a non-Muslim. However, in a case of desperation, if no Muslim is found, he may go to such a person who does not utter words of Kufr and Shirk. The person who cures is not any extraordinary person. He is just a Doctor who specializes in a specific field. Just as a Doctor could make a mistake in his diagnosis, the Aamil too can make a mistake. His words cannot be regarded as absolutely correct. Whilst treating, if somebody’s name comes out, it is not certain that the person did Jadoo, etc. Similarly, the taweez the Aanmil gives may be used. The Sahaaba asked Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alaihi Wasallam) about Taweez. He said, ‘it is a power from the power of ALLAH’ It is a means of cure, but ALLAH is the ultimate Shafee (Curer).
Many people experience some downfall and quickly jump to the conclusion that somebody made Jadoo and start casting doubts on different people. Therefore, one should not be too hasty in concluding that the cause of a problem is Jadoo because more often than not, Jadoo has nothing to do with the problem. And ALLAH knows best
Superstition constituted an integral part of the belief system of the Pagans. Prior to the advent of Islam the Arabs were steeped in superstitious beliefs, beliefs that regulated their social, economic and political activity. Superstition created a mysterious value system that gave rise to fear, suspicion and enmity. It deprived man of rational thinking and every ailment, accident or calamity was attributed to some evil force bent on destroying their lives. The situation was further aggravated by wicked “Spiritual Doctors” who exploited the unwary masses and ran lucrative businesses treating and exorcizing the “evil forces”. Even today there are people who claim to know the future and try to impress people with their “divine powers”. Belief in superstition detracts from Imaan in Taqdeer and the qudrat of ALLAH Ta’ala.
The Holy Qur’n states: “No misfortune can happen on earth nor (afflict) your souls, but is recorded in a Book (long) before We bring it into existence; that is truly easy for ALLAH”.
Disaster and misfortune take place according to the Will and Plan of ALLAH. No other force or power can direct your destiny or cause harm to you except with the permission of ALLAH. Some of the superstitious beliefs that filtered down from Jahiliyyah to us are:
The Month of Safar
The month of Safar is regarded as a month of ill-fortune and bad luck. The pre-Islamic Arabs believed Safar to be a serpent that dwells in the stomach of man. It stirs to life in this month and causes various types of illnesses and diseases. Thus people are more prone to fall ill in this month. Because of the various evil omens attached to this month some Muslims regard:
- Nikah contracted in this month to be bad luck and ill-fated.
- Any important business venture initiated in this month bound to collapse.
- The first thirteen days of this month to be specifically evil and bad luck.
Nabi sallallahu alayhi wasallam condemned such superstitious beliefs in various ahadth.
A hadth narrated in Muslim states: “There is no (ill-fortune) in the month of Safar nor do evil spirits (exist)”. Another hadth states: “Do not revile time (i.e. do not regard any particular day, week or month to be bad, for I (ALLAH) am the (embodiment) of all time”
Soothsayers – Fortunetellers
There are certain impostors who pretend to know the future through contact with the “spirits”. The Holy Qur’n rejects the notion that anyone besides ALLAH knows the future in the following verse: “Say – No one in the heavens and earth knows the unseen except ALLAH”.
The Holy Qur’n states: “If I had knowledge of the unseen I should have had abundance of good and no evil should have touched me. Truly I am a Warner and a Giver of glad tidings to those who have faith”.
Concerning the Jinn who laboured for Sulaiman alayhis salaam the Qur’n states: “It became clear to the jinn that if they had known the unseen, they would not have continued in the humiliating punishment of their task”.
Horoscopes and Astrology
The Pagan Arabs used three arrows to ascertain whether they should proceed with a task or not. The words “My Lord has commanded me” were inscribed on one arrow; “My Lord has forbidden me” inscribed on the second arrow and the third arrow was left blank. If they planned a journey, or a marriage or to raid the enemy, etc., they would go to the temple and draw out an arrow. If they drew the arrow with the positive inscription they would proceed with their plans. The negative inscription meant that they should abort their plans. A blank arrow meant that they should repeat the process till they received a clear directive. This practice is akin to modern day horoscopes, astrology, palm reading and other similar practices. Islam prohibits all such practices and considers them sinful.
The Holy Qur’n states: “And (also forbidden) is predicting the future by means of divining arrows, for that is impiety”.
Nabi sallallahu alayhi wasallam has stated: “If anyone acquires any knowledge of astrology, he acquires a branch of magic (which is totally forbidden)”. He also stated: “The astrologer is a diviner, the diviner is a magician and the magician is an unbeliever”.
Another tradition states: “Whoever goes to a fortuneteller and believes in what he says has denied what was revealed to Mohammed”.
Omens and Charms
The same prohibition applies to hanging charms, beads and amulets, in the belief that they will protect the bearer from evil spirits, bad luck or the evil eye.
The Holy Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam stated: “May ALLAH not fulfill the hopes of the one who wears a charm; may ALLAH not protect the one who hangs seashells (used as a charm in those days)”. (Ahmed). Another narration stated; “Whoever wears a charm will be left to rely on it”. (Tirmidhi)
Abdullah bin Masd radhiallahu anhu once saw his wife wearing a knotted thread around her neck. He pulled at it and broke it saying, “The family of Abdullah is free from associating anything with ALLAH for which He has sent no authority”. He then said: “I heard the Messenger of ALLAH sallallahu alayhi wasallam say ” Incantations, amulets and spells are shirk”.
Drawing evil omens from a black cat, the number thirteen, a pregnant woman, using a knife at the time of an eclipse, etc., is no more than weird superstition. The disbelievers frequently attacked the Prophets saying “Indeed we augur an evil omen from you”, The messengers would
reply: “Your auguring of evil omens is with yourselves”. This implied that, the cause of your evil omens lies in your attitude which stems from superstition, disbelief and stubbornness.
Nabi sallallahu alayhi wasallam stated: “He is not of us who seeks evil omens or for whom evil omens are sought …..” (Tabraani). Another tradition states: “No one is free from three things: suspicion, auguring evil omens and envy. Thus if you have a suspicion, do not pursue it, if you augur an evil omen, do not turn you back, and if you are envious do not transgress”. (Tabraani)
Sihar – Magic – Jadu
Practicing magic is tantamount to kufr in Islam. Just as it is haraam for Muslims to consult with diviners or fortune tellers, it is likewise haram for them to seek the help of magicians, sangomas, witch-doctors etc.
Nabi sallallahu alayhi wasallam disowned such person saying: “Anyone who goes to a diviner, a practitioner of magic or a soothsayer, asking something and believing in it, denies what was revealed to Mohammed”. Another tradition states: “The alcoholic, the believer in magic and
the one who breaks ties of kinship will not enter Jannat”. (Ibn Hibban)
“Sufis who treat people as cheap profit making commodities and call towards themselves rather than towards ALLAH and ask them to respect and love them, instead of loving ALLAH, were, infact the robbers, the liars, traders in religion, cheaters and thugs.” (Shah Wali-All h)
Hazrat Umar Abdul Aziz (known as Umar, the second) states: “I advise you to observe piety and fear ALLAH, to maintain a balanced life by obeying the commandments of ALLAH and following the Sunnah of Rasoolullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. I also admonish you against innovation introduced by the `Ahle – Bidat’ and advise you to detach yourselves from them ….”. (Abu Dawood)
Islam is not a religion based on superstitious dogma. To attribute every ailment, calamity and hardship to “evil spirits” is to be a defeatist. We ultimately become the victims of suspicion, hatred and fear. We become blind to our own weaknesses and shortcomings and simply attribute all our ills to some external forces.
If we ourselves have set our garden on fire with our own hands, why do we complain against the enemy. No one is our enemy except our ownselves. Fie upon us that we proved to be the enemies of our ownselves.
Making “Sihr” means practicing black magic (Afsun) and it is forbidden (Haram) in Islam. A person who makes black magic (Sihr) is called “Jadu” in the Persian. If a person who practices black magic (Sihr) believes that he can do anything through black magic, he will become a disbeliever. A person who denies the existence and effects of the black magic will also become a disbeliever. We should believe that black magic, just like other medicine, is effective only if Allahu ta’ala decrees it. Even though it is not disbelief to believe that whatever one may wish Allahu ta’ala would create it, believing as such would be a grave sin. The cure for the black magic is written in length in the Turkish book Se’adet-i Ebediyye.