Magic (Sihr), Possession (Masaha) and Evil eye (Ayn) Magic / Sihr (The Basic)
Posted November 4, 2011on:
It is important to note is that there is no such thing as black magic or white magic or even red, yellow or blue. The Quran and Sunnah do not mention colours of magic but mentions it as shirk. Magic and Jinn both exist in Islam and have been proven by the Quran and Hadith. It is evident from the Qur’an and the Hadith that Jinn are the creations of Allah and are made from Fire. Like Angels they cannot be seen by the normal human eye. Evil Jinn are also referred to as Shayteen. Jinn can commit havoc if interfered with but generally keep themselves to themselves. They live in the world and take their place where it suits them, usually areas remote from humans. Magic Sihr is something which condemned in the strongest of terms in the Quran and Sunnah.
“They followed what the Shayaateen (devils) gave out (falsely of the magic) in the lifetime of Sulaymaan (Solomon). Sulaymaan did not disbelieve, but the Shayaateen (devils) disbelieved, teaching men magic” [al-Baqarah 2:102]
Allaah informs us that they (the shayaateen) committed kufr by teaching men magic. Then He says :
“…and such things that came down at Babylon to the two angels, Haaroot and Maaroot, but neither of these two (angels) taught anyone (such things) till they had said, ‘We are for trial, so disbelieve not (by learning this magic from us).'” [al-Baqarah 2:102]
” And from the evil of those who practise witchcraft when they blow in the knots” [al-Falaq 113:4]
Magic was performed on the Prophet of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace). A Jew by the name of Labid ibn Asim who outwardly posed to be a believer (Munafiq) carried out black magic on the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace). He took the hair of the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace) and made eleven knots and placed it under a rock in a well called Zarwan. The effect of this was that it created uncertainty in the mind of the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace) as to whether he had done or not done certain things (although this had no effect on his religious and prophetic obligations). At times the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace) felt he had accomplished something yet he had not done so and vice versa. The angel Jibra’il informed the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace) as to what had occurred and came down with the two Surahs, namely Surah al-Falaq and Surah an-Nas. The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace) together with the Companions (Allah be pleased with them all) went to the well and removed the knotted hair. As each verse was recited, the knots untied miraculously. At the eleventh knot, the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace) was relieved from the effects of this black magic.
There are numerous types of Sihr magic mentioned in the Quran involving things which magicians manage to do through the shayateen (devils), they do things that may affect a man’s reason or make him sick; they may cause division between a man and his wife etc. Magic has a process and rules and regulations like any field of science. What we know from the Quran is that magic is done via committing Shirk with Allah swt. Magic Sihr is kufr and one should stay far away from anyone involved in such matters.
Possession / Masaha
Possession is where a Jinn enters a human to cause mischief. Many people believe that just because they are possessed it must be sihr Magic which actually is not the case. Usually in cases of possession the Jinn is a deputy of shaytaan or as is the case nowadays humans invite a the Jinn into their homes or do actions that make it easy for Jinns to enter them, occasionally a human may accidentally harm a Jinn and it would seek revenge.
Clear evidence of Jinn possession from the Sunnah are in a number of authentic tradition, one of which is related by, Ya’la Ibn Murah (ra), who says: “I saw Allah’s Messenger (saw) do three things which no one before or after me saw. I went with him on a trip. On the way, we passed by a woman sitting at the roadside with a young boy. She called out, ‘O Messenger of Allah, this boy is afflicted with a trial, and from him we have also been afflicted with a trial. I don’t know how many times per day he is seized by fits.’ He (saw) said: ‘Give him to me.’ So she lifted him up to the Prophet (saw).
He (saw) then placed the boy between himself and the middle of the saddle, opened the boy’s mouth and blew in it three times, saying, ‘In the name of Allah, I am the slave of Allah, get out, enemy of Allah!’ Then he gave the boy back to her and said: ‘Meet us on our return at this same place and inform us how he has fared.’ We then went. On our return, we found her in the same place with three sheep. When he said to her, ‘How has your son fared?’ She replied: ‘By the One who sent you with the truth, we have not detected anything (unusual) in his behavior up to this time’ [Musnad Ahmad (vol: 4, p. 170), and al-Haakim, who declared it Saheeh]
This authentic narration describes how Allah’s Messenger (saw) commanded the Jinn possessing the boy, to leave. Also, the Messenger of Allah (saw) is reported to have said:
“Verily, Shaytaan flows in the blood-streams of Adam’s descendants.” [Saheeh Muslim (vol: 3, no: 5404)]
In recent times their appears to have been a significant increase in the number of people who are being affected by Jinn, there are number of specific causes of this but generally it is due to the fact that society as a whole is moving away from the correct worship of Allah and not even calling towards his shariah let alone implementing it. The specific causes are more like the increase in pictures in our houses almost every product has a picture on it, even our currency has a face on it! So even small simple things like leaving your notes open face up on your bedroom table with the picture showing causes the Angels to leave you with your money. The issue of pictures extends far beyond just the house it has occupied our streets cities and villages with posters everywhere, usually of men and women wearing very little. Then if you consider music and its prevalence to the same degree as pictures one would wonder why an Angel would ever visit our homes or streets! It appears we are doing our utmost against Allah’s deen we put up pictures in our houses to drive the Angels away and then play music to invite the shayateen from amongst the Jinn in! So with the shayateen of the Jinn entering our cities there are more and more cases of muslims and non muslims being affected by possession.
Evil Eye / Ayn
Evil Eye / Ayn, this is something between humans and does not involve Jinn, Evil eye is due to jealousy and envy and causes a person to fall ill, the treatment for evil eye differs from Magic and Possesion although Ruqyah can be recited for the person also but the verses and dua’s pertain to hasad and evil eye. Everyone who puts the evil eye on another is envious, but not every envier puts the evil eye on another. The word haasid (envier) is more general in meaning than the word ‘ayn’ (one who puts the evil eye on another), so seeking refuge with Allaah from the one who envies includes seeking refuge with Him from the one who puts the evil eye on another. The evil eye is like an arrow which comes from the soul of the one who envies; sometimes it hits him and sometimes it misses. If the target is exposed and unprotected, it will affect him, but if the target is cautious and armed, the arrow will have no effect and may even come back on the one who launched it.
“And verily, those who disbelieve would almost make you slip with their eyes (through hatred)” [al-Qalam 68:51]
Ibn ‘Abbaas and others said, commenting on this verse: this means, they put the evil eye on you with their glances. The Prophet (saw) said: “The evil eye is real and if anything were to overtake the divine decree, it would be the evil eye. When you are asked to take a bath (to provide a cure) from the influence of the evil eye, you should take a bath.” Narrated by Muslim. Al-Nasaa’i and Ibn Maajah narrated that ‘Aamir ibn Rabee’ah passed by Sahl ibn Haneef when he was bathing and he quoted the hadith.
The Prophet (saw) said:
“There is no Ruqyah except in the case of the evil eye or fever.”
al-Tirmidhi, 2057; Abu Dawood, 3884. Jibreel used to do Ruqyah for the Prophet (saw) and say:
“Bismillaahi arqeeka min kulli shay’in yu’dheeka, min sharri kulli nafsin aw ‘aynin haasid Allaahu yashfeek, bismillaahi arqeek (In the name of Allaah I perform Ruqyah for you, from everything that is harming you, from the evil of every soul or envious eye may Allah heal you, in the name of Allaah I perform Ruqyah for you).”
Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas: The Prophet (saw) used to seek Refuge with Allah for Al-Hasan and Al-Husain and say:
“Your forefather (i.e. Abraham) used to seek Refuge with Allah for Ishmael and Isaac by reciting the following: ‘O Allah! I seek Refuge with Your Perfect Words from every devil and from poisonous pests and from every evil, harmful, envious eye.'” Bukharee.
Ibn ‘Abbas reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying:
“The influence of an evil eye is a fact; if anything would precede the destiny it would be the influence of an evil eye, and when you are asked to take bath (as a cure) from the influence of an evil eye, you should take bath.“
Abu Dawood narrated that ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) said:
“The person who had put the evil eye on another would be ordered to do wudoo’, then the person who had been afflicted would wash himself (with that water).” Saheeh Abi Dawood.
If it is known or suspected that a person has been afflicted by the evil eye, then the one who put the evil eye on him should be ordered to wash himself for his brother. Ibn Shihaab Az-Zuhree said: The method of washing as described by our scholars is as follows: the person with the evil eye should be given a vessel of water and told to wash his body with the same water in the following order, without placing the vessel on the floor:
- To rinse one’s mouth, then spit the wasted water back into the vessel,
- To wash one’s face with the water in the vessel,
- To wash one’s right arm with one’s left hand and one’s left arm with one’s right hand,
- To wash one’s right elbow with one’s left hand and one’s left elbow with one’s right hand,
- To wash one’s right foot with one’s right hand and one’s left foot with one’s right hand,
- To wash one’s right knee with one’s left hand and one’s left knee with one’s right hand
- To wash the parts under the sheet.
According to Al-Qaazii ibn Al-‘Arab, the parts under the sheet refers to whatever parts of the body are covered by the sheet.
Afterwards, the wasted water in vessel should be poured on the affected person’s head and back, in one go. It will, by Allah’s leave, cure the affected person almost instantly.