Excerpt from the world of jinns and devils
Posted December 17, 2011on:
By Dr. Umar Sulaiman al-Ashqar
The causes of being possessed
Ibn Taimiya explained, possession of the human by the jinn can occur from desires, lusts, passions, zealousness in the same way that a human is in accord with another human…And it also occurs, and this is the majority of the case, due to hatred and revenge. For example one of the humans harms a jinn or the jinn thinks the human was trying to harm them by urinating on some jinn or throwing some hot water on them, or a human might kill a jinn, even though a human might not have realized that.
Our obligation towards them
We mentioned that the jinn have been ordered to worship according to the prescribed law. If a Muslim is able to contact a jinn, in the same way that a human speaks to a jinn that has taken over a human body, the Muslim must seek to enforce the Islamic law upon the jinn, that is encourage the jinn to do good and so on.
If the possessed is from the first type above, due to desires, lust or passion, then it is a great lewd act that has been prohibited by Allah for humans and jinn. This is true even if it is with the approval of the other party – therefore, what must obviously be the ruling if the other party does not like it? It is a lewd and oppressive act. One must tell the jinn that and inform him that it is a prohibited act and provide evidence against such an act such that the ruling is clear to him. And inform him that is the rule of Allah and His Messenger that was sent to all the beings: human or jinn.
If it is from the 2nd type, where some human had harmed them, if the human was not aware of that, then inform the jinn that the human was acting in ignorance and that he did not intend to harm the jinn. Therefore he does not deserve the punishment that is being given to him. If the action occurred in the person’s house or on his property, then inform the jinn that the person was just acting in a manner that was permissible to him. And the jinn need not live in a place that belongs to a human without the human’s permission for they are allowed the dilapidated and abandoned buildings.
Ibn Taimiya said, If the jinn is wronging the human, then inform the jinn of the rule of Allah and His Messenger and provide evidences for him to establish proof against him. And order him to do good and forbid him from doing evil, in the same manner that one treats another human. As Allah says,
“We never punish until We have sent a messenger” (al-Israa 15).
And He says,
“O you assembly of the jinn and humankind. Came there not unto you messengers of your own who recounted unto you of My tokens and warned you of the meeting of this your Day?” (al-Anaam 130).
Abusing the jinn and striking them
Ibn Taimiya mentions that it is obligatory to aid one’s brother who is being wronged. The one who is a victim of possession is being wronged. But aid is also only done with justice, as Allah has ordered. If one does not drive away the jinn with exhortation, proof and consultation, then it is allowed to abuse, strike or curse the jinn in order to drive it away. This is what the Prophet (pbuh) did with the devil who put a flame of fire in his face, he said ” I seek refuge in Allah from you, and I curse you with the curse of Allah.” He said that three times.
Ibn Taimiya also mentioned that one may be forced to strike the jinn in order to drive it away. One may strike the possessed numerous times as the strikes will harm the jinn and not the human who is being harmed, until the person comes to and he will not have felt a thing. There will be no mark left on the person himself. It has been the case that some have been struck 300 to 400 times on the leg, such that had it been a human he would have been killed. But it is the jinn that is being hit and screams. Ibn Taimiya has related that he himself has done and witnessed such an act on many occasions.
Using dhikr and Quranic reciting as help against the jinn
The best thing that can be used against the jinn in the case of possession is the mentioning of Allah and reciting the Quran, especially the verse of the throne (al-Baqara 255),
“For whoever reads it, Allah will not stop to have a protector for him and Satan will not come close to him until morning.”
This is in a hadith from Sahih al-Bukhari that was presented earlier.
Ibn Taimiya wrote, The numerous people who have experienced these events all confirm amazing effectiveness of this verse and warding off devils and breaking their spells. It has a great effect in repelling devils and breaking their spells. It has a great effect in repelling devils from humans, from the possessed and from those picked out by devils, such as wrongdoers, people with bad tempers, those who follow their desires and lusts, musicians and those who become ecstatic through whistling and clapping. If these verses are read over them with sincerity to Allah, the devils will leave. It will put an end to the mirages created by the devils. It will also disclose the falseness of those, the brothers of the devils, who perform miraculous acts. The devils inspire their devotees with some knowledge that the ignorant think are miracles that Allah grants His pious servants. In fact, they are simply satan’s acts of deception over his devotees, of those whom have earned Allah’s wrath and those who have gone astray.
What the healer must be like
It is necessary that the one who is trying to cure the possessed be of strong faith and full of conviction that the remembrance of Allah and Quranic recitation will have an effect on the person and the jinn. The stronger the faith, the stronger the effect on the jinn. Perhaps the person is stronger than the jinn in faith and, therefore he drives the jinn out. Perhaps the jinn is stronger and, therefore, he does not leave. Perhaps the person is weak in faith and the jinn has intended him harm. So the person must continue to make supplications and invoke the aid of remembrance of Allah and Quranic recitation, in particular the verse of the Throne.
Incantations and Invocations
Ibn Taimiya stated, Concerning curing the possessed by means of incantations and invocations, there are two types: One type is where the meaning of the incantation is clear. It is within what Islam allows to be said by a person, such as prayers to Allah and mentioning His name and His speech to His creation and so on. This type is allowed to be used as an incantation in the case of possession as is confirmed in the Sahih that the Prophet pbuh said, “What is permissible in incantations is what does not contain any polytheism.” And he also said, “If one of you is able to aid his brother, then he should do so.”
If the incantation contains statements that are forbidden, such as elements of some type of polytheism, or they have no understandable meaning to them, which might imply some words of disbelief, then it is not allowed for anyone to use such an incantation. This is the ruling even if the jinn should leave after its use because Allah and His Messenger have prohibited it due to its harm being greater than its benefit.
He also mentioned at another place that many of those people who use polytheistic incantations are unable to repel the jinn. Many times they are not able to over power the jinn when they ask them to kill or capture a jinn that has possessed a human. The jinn deceives them and makes it seem like they killed or captured that jinn.